RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN TURNING HUMAN WASTE INTO RENEWABLE ENERGY: A CRTICAAL REVEIWName : Dr. ANIL K. SHRIVASTAVA
Affliation : Scientist
University : Naval Materials Research Laboratory
Country : India
Safe and hygienic way of disposal of human wastes is an increasing problem resulting in mortality, morbidity and decreasing community health, sanitation and consequently productivity. The present paper will discuss about utilization of recycling and reuse of human waste to produce biogas/energy as an alternative renewable energy. Product gas resulting from typical dry human feces have LHV and energy values of 17.2 MJ/kg and 24 MJ/kg, respectively, at optimum equivalence ratio of 0.31 values that are comparable to wood biomass. Non- sewered Sanitary Systems (NSS) are emerging as one of the solutions to poor sanitation because of the limitations of the conventional flush toilets. The new sanitary systems are expected to safely treat fecal waste and operate without any external connections to sewer, water supply or energy source. The Niño Membrane Toilets (NMT) is unique domestic –scale sanitary solution to treat human waste on site. The Reinvent The Toilet Challenge (RTTC) is one
Biograpghy: Dr Anil K. Shrivastava obtained the degree of Ph.D. in Chemistry (1983) from Ravishanker University, Raipur, India. Dr Anil has forty years R&D experience in the fields of Analytical Chemistry, Environmental Sciences, Biotechnology, Reliability, Quality & Safety. He had designed, developed, fabricated, tested and installed life supporting system for underwater Naval platforms. In recognition of his meritorious contributions Two National Level Awards, SCIENTIST OF THE YEAR AWARD -2015 and TECHNOLOGY DAY AWARD-2013 were conferred on him. He worked as Associate Director (Management), Head of Department of Environmental Sciences Group for more than 20 years. Also, he Headed many Technical and Administrative Groups, at Naval Materials Research Laboratory, DRDO, Mumbai. Under his leadership seven R&D Projects of the Lab were successfully completed. He handled ISO 9001:2008 certification of the Lab as Management Representative. He had worked as Chairman of DRTC Assessment Board, DRDO for the year 2017. He had 68 publications in National & International Journals, Seminars.