THE DOOM OF TRADITIONAL ELECTRIC UTILITIES’ BUSINESS MODEL IN LIGHT OF ENVIRONMENTAL THREATS AND DISTRIBUTED GENERATION (DG) SCALE UP: A NEW VISION BASED ON HOMEOSTATICITY OF ENERGY SYSTEMSName : Dr. Fernando Yanine
Affliation : Researcher
University : Universidad Finis Terrae
Country : Chile
Today’s electrical energy generation and distribution systems are being faced with a number of issues, from violent weather phenomena to earthquakes and landslides, including acts of arson, terrorism and vandalism. All these are grave concerns threatening our traditional electric power infrastructure, stemming from both environmental as well as operational and societal issues. Therefore, electric utilities are required to account for such threats and concerns proactively, and to plan ahead in order to respond to such challenges rapidly and effectively so as to preserve stability and continuity of operations. This is the true measure of what sustainable energy systems (SES) are and homeostaticity of energy systems seeks just that: to bring about a rapid, effective and optimally efficient state of equilibrium between energy supply and energy expenditure at all times, whatever the circumstances, so as to preserve electric power systems’ (EPS) operation. We present a prescriptive homeostaticity model for controlling utility-operated microgrids and the theoretical groundwork underlying the subject. The paper explains how the engineering of homeostaticity in SES works and how it can be done, wherein reactive and predictive homeostasis, acting concomitantly, play a key role in the systems dynamics, namely the grid-tied microgrid, the Grid and the energy consumers. Reactive homeostasis (RH) is an immediate response of the energy system to a homeostatic stress or perturbation, such as energy deprivation or shortage or an energy imbalance. RH entails feedback mechanisms which enable a reactive compensation when the need arises, reestablishing homeostaticity in the system. Predictive homeostasis (PH), on the other hand, anticipates the events that are likely to occur, enabling SES to respond early and proactively to environmental challenges or other concerns by foreseeing when these will most likely occur, thus adjusting the energy and power management to maintain sustainability. Major aspects of the model and simulation are shown which present interesting results.
Dr. Fernando Yanine is a professional engineer, researcher, and academician at the Faculty of Engineering of Universidad Finis Terrae and the MBA of Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria (UTFSM). He is also an industry consultant for several companies. Fernando received his M.Sc. and Sc.D. in Industrial & Systems Engineering from Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile (PUC) in March 2014; and also holds B.Sc. in Electrical Engineering from the University of Texas at El Paso, USA (May 1988), a Bachelor of Science and Professional Civil-Industrial Engineer’s title from Universidad Arturo Prat at Iquique, Chile, UNAP (2006), and M.Sc. in Industrial Engineering from University of Santiago de Chile, USACH (1997).His research interests and projects include homeostatic control of sustainable energy systems, energy and environmental sustainability, energy poverty, service engineering, homeostaticity in high performance systems and Industrial Organization & Management.