Do Saudi Nurses in Primary Health Care Centre’s have Breast Cancer Knowledge to Promote Breast Cancer Awareness?Name : Shadia Abdullah Yousuf
Affliation : Vice Dean
University : King Abdulaziz University
Country : Saudi Arabia
Background: Breast cancer is one of the leading causes of death among cancer patients in Saudi Arabia. It is known that nurses play a key role in promoting breast cancer awareness among women in any society. Nurses in primary health care centres (PHCC) have more contact that is direct with general population. This study aimed to investigate nurse knowledge of breast cancer and practice of early screening in PHCC in Jeddah city.
Methods & Materials: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire to assess the general knowledge of breast cancer, risk factors, and practice of 210 PHCC nurses. Data were analyzed using SPSS v.16.
Results: The mean age of the PHCC Nurses was 36.9 (SD ±8.6). Only 11% percent scored <50% of the total score for general epidemiological knowledge on breast cancer, about 35% scored <50% of the total score for breast cancer risk factors. Sixty-seven percent scored >75% of the total score on breast cancer signs. Majority of nurses 62.8% practiced BSE, but only 4% practiced regularly every month. Some 28% practiced once per year. About 81% of the nurses had not had a clinical breast examination and only 14% had had a mammography. The results of the study failed to show any correlation between the knowledge scores with age, education, year of experience, family history of BC and marital status of the nurses.
Conclusion: The results from the study reflect that there is a need to provide continuing nursing education programs for PHCC nurses to improve their breast cancer knowledge and practice.
Biography: Shadia A. Yousuf is a graduate of BSN programme from King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia. She obtained a Master Degree in nursing (primary health care nursing) from King Saud University, Saudi Arabia and a PhD Degree in primary health care nursing from joint supervision programme with King Abdulaziz University and South Bank University in London, UK. She has many years of experience as clinical nurse and nursing instructor. She has been teaching community nursing, research, and pediatric nursing in undergraduate programme. In addition to teaching postgraduate master nursing programme, she has supervised master student thesis and currently is supervising three students in obstetric and gynecological nursing.